The Artist at the Table, A Project of this
food in the Arts blog
REAL OR IMAGINED
Dieter Roth, Banana Peel Under Glass, 1991
Dealing with the phenomenon of Death and Decay
Commenting on the chemical contamination of foods, the price we pay for wanting food the appears fresh and perfect
Below: Robert Mapplethorpe (b.1946 -1989), Banana, 1985
In his photographic work, Mapplethorpe strove to present
images that many would conceal. If you consider a banana suggestive of sex, you are stating your need to hide certain aspects of life that are harmless and find them dangerous. Mapplethorpe considered them natural, therefore acceptable. His photo technique is never faulted.
By contrast, below right: Robert Mapplethorpe's Controversial 'Man in Polyester Suit', 1980-81
Robert Mapplethorpe, Aubergine
In 1920, psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud supposedly made the following remark, "Gentlemen, a cigar is sometimes just just a cigar."
Above right: “Man in Polyester Suit,” a black-and-white image from 1980 depicting a black man wearing a three-piece suit, with his penis exposed, was estimated at $250,000 to $350,000.
In 1922 “The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis” published an article about the symbolism of cigarettes, cigars, and pipes by Eric Hiller. The article made clear that the phallic symbolism of smoking was established by the 1920s. The cover page of the journal proudly displayed its connection to the founder of psychoanalysis with the statement “Directed by Sigmund Freud” [IJPA].
In 2001 Alan C. Elms, a psychology professor at the University of California at Davis, published an article about three well-known sayings attributed to the renowned psychoanalyst: “Apocryphal Freud: Sigmund Freud’s Most Famous ‘Quotations’ and Their Actual Sources.” Elms reported on an extensive investigation of the cigar quip, and he argued that it was almost certainly apocryphal [SFAE]:
Does any of this discourse apply to art? Film, Performance Art, Photography?
In the opening scene of the 1973 porn film, "Behind the Green Door" (1972), the viewer sees an enormous red neon sign announcing "EAT", which, turns out to be a roadside advertisement for a nearby diner. We then join two two drivers and a cook, and it is among the three men sitting at the counter that this pioneering film story unfolds.The film was written and directed by Gerard Dammiano, though it is also generally believed to be a story by an anonymous author at an earlier date. I think that may be true because I read a typed copy in 1950. Steamy!
Picturing a group gathering over food and a narrative is very old. It is Chaucerian
"Do you mind eating while I smoke?"
The title of this blog post is this famous and long-remembered question posed in "Deep Throat" by adult film star "Linda Lovelace (aka Linda Susan Boreman) or her co-actress, Dolly Sharp. "Eating", of course, is slang for cunnilingus.
The scene is a modern kitchen in which Sharps is being serviced by a typical Los Angeles stock character, the Mexican pool boy, who will do anything in exchange for an unlimited number of Oreo cookies. Dolly perches on a kitchen counter, relaxing with a cigarette and the joys of expert cunnilingus.
Achille Deverea (b. February 6, 1800, Paris - 1857) Cunnilingus
French painter known for his images of sexual acts. The work is not illicit or evil. It is erotic. It is French.
If this is porn, French artists disagree, as does the Tao. Cunnilingus is accorded a revered place in Taoism. This is because the practice was believed to achieve longevity, and the loss of semen, vaginal, and other bodily liquids is believed to bring about a corresponding loss of vitality. Conversely, by either semen retention or ingesting the secretions from the vagina, a male or female can conserve and increase his/her ch'i, or original vital breath [Wikipedia]
Early reference to food
The Odyssey is not normally described as an “eating poem,”but there is temptation at every side and
Similarly, Ernest Hemingway's famous short story, "The Killers," (Scribner's magazine, 1927) takes place entirely in a diner that becomes the peerformance local
situated in a small, out-of-the way Midwestern town. A good place for an out-of- luck boxer to hide out from the mob. Or, so it seems.
a lot of oxen are devoured
Temptation in the Odyssy
Danni O'Laoire has write a critical review of these "weaknesses" or
Types of Temptation
Glory or Pride
Oblivion or laziness.
Glory or Pride
Oblivion or laziness.
Sex as a temptation is represented by seductresses such as Circe who delays Odysseus and his crew; Penelope, who represents the temptation which leads the suitors astray; and the suitors themselves represent temptation to Melantho and the other servant girls.
Homer uses sex to say that, as always , succumbing to temptation will be punished but also to suggest that sex and loyalty are tied ( particularly in women). A prime example is the story of Circe whose allegiance must be won through sex.
Oblivion Or Laziness
The lotus eaters represent the temptation for Odysseus and his crew to abandon their journey and lose themselves in blissful oblivion. The lotus eaters tempt people to simply stop and avoid the tribulations they would face to reach home.
This frivolous existence is not without consequences as the suitors fate illustrates. Many of the suitors have no real hope of marrying Penelope and yet continue to hang around enjoying the property of others like parasites. They have succumbed to the temptation of oblivion and this is another of the reasons Homer gives us for why they deserve their fate.
Food is a recurring temptation, particularly for Odysseus crew
Slaughter of the Helios Flock.
This was done as part of a ritual but it failed to please the gods, showing that while food had cultural significance in ritual,the failure to resist temptation is a greater sin.
Food is also one of the ways the suitors are shown to be horrible
The way the suitors consume food that is not theirs.
The suitors abuse of
through their lack of restraint in devouring food is one of the reasons they deserve their fate.
Summative Classics Tutorial
Temptation in the Odyssey
a strong urge or desire to have or do something or
something that causes a strong urge or desire to have or do something and especially something that is bad, wrong, or unwise
"Temptation." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster,
n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2014.
SparkNotes: The Odyssey: Themes, Motifs & Symbols. 2014. SparkNotes: The Odyssey: Themes, Motifs & Symbols. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/odyssey/themes.html. [Accessed 19 August 2014].
Food Imagery and Temptation in The Odyssey. 2014. Food Imagery and Temptation in The Odyssey. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.articlemyriad.com/food-imagery-temptation-odyssey/. [Accessed 19 August 2014].
Humanities360.com, (2014). How is Homers Odyssey a Story of Temptation by Heather Howe | Humanities 360 . [online] Available at: http://www.humanities360.com/index.php/how-is-homers-odyssey-a-story-of-temptation-48268/ [Accessed 12 Sep. 2014]
Yakas, G 2014, The Odyssey, Handout, Stage 2 Classical Studies, Woodville High School, delivered 12 September 2014..
Homer,2008, The Odyssey, trans. W Shewring, Oxford World CLassics, New York.
Merriam Webster n.d.
...Zeus thundered and hurled his lightening bolt into the ship;struck by the bolt, she whirled round and was filled with sulfur; my comrades were flung overboard. Round the vessel they floated like sea-crows on the waves; the god forbade their returning home. 12. 411-415
"...while they consume scot-free these goods that are not their own..." 1. 157-158
"...they slaughter my sheep and oxen and fatted goats; they make merry here, they selfishly drink the glowing wine, and thus abundance of things is wasted." 2. 65-67
"So the suitors will not cease devouring your substance and possessions as long as she keeps the frame of mind that the gods are fostering in her now 2.122-124.
Glory and Pride
What Is Homer Telling Us?
The Lotus Eaters
The Suitors Laziness
Odysseus's struggle with the pursuit of k
is the area in which he grows most within the text. His troubles begin when he fails to resist the temptation to gain
from his victory against the giants.
From there he grows in wisdom so that when he faces the temptation of k
again in the form of the sirens, who sing of your greatest accomplishments, he has the foresight to stop himself and his men from succumbing to the temptation to stop and listen.
In the final books of
, Odysseus's new restraint is tested most sorely. As he masquerades as a beggar he suffers many insults from the suitors and others, his ability to restrain himself in these circumstances allows him to achieve his goal of killing the suitors.
The Suitors and the Goatherd
Homer suggests that the ability to resist temptation is highly valued in Ancient Greek society , he does this through the punishment of those who succumb to temptation and the rewards for those who resist it.
The different types of temptation which Homer uses also give us insight into what the Ancient Greeks found tempting.
"The great island chieftains Dulichium, in Same, in forested Zacynthus, and those who are princes in craggy Ithaca - they have all of them come to woo my mother, and they are devouring my inheritance." 1.149,152
"As for the men, their limbs failed them where they stood; their hearts were transported with desire, and they voiced a prayer, everyone of them, to share her bed and lie beside her." 18. 209-211
"They undid the bag, the winds rushed out all together, and in a moment a tempest had seized my crew and was driving them - now all in tears - back out to the open sea and away from home."10. 47-50
"So every day, till the year's end, we sat there feasting on plenteous meat and delicious wine" 10. 505 - 507
" At this you must let her have her way; she is a goddess; accept her bed, so that she may release your comrades and make you her cherished guest. But first, make her swear the great oath of the Blessed Ones to plot no mischief to you thenceforward - if not, while you lie naked there, she may rob you of courage and of manhood." 10. 293 - 298
"Friends, in our ship we have food and drink enough. Let us keep our hands from the cows and fat sheep, belong to a dread divinity, the sun-god, who sees all things and hears all things." 12. 321 - 324
"Enough! Let us carry off the best of the sun-god's cattle and give them in sacrifice to the deathless ones whose home is wide heaven."12. 343 - 345
The Slaughter Of Helio's Flock
"Those of my men who ate the honey-sweet lotus fruit had no desire to retrace their steps and come back with news; their only wish was to linger there with the Lotus-Eaters, to feed on the fruit and put aside all thought of a voyage home."9. 139-142
"It was Aegisthus and my accursed wife who plotted death and destruction for me."11. 452-453
"One of them mocked him insultingly. This was the lovely-cheeked Melantho. Dolius was her father, but Penelope had brought her up, cherishing her like her own daughter and giving her toys for her delight. Yet despite all this the girl's heart was without compassion for Penelope, and she was mistress and bedfellows to Eurymachus." 18. 368-373
"If your hearts reproach you now, leave my halls and look for your feasts elsewhere, changing from house to house to consume possessions which are your own. But if to yourselves it seems a better thing, a more desirable thing, to waste one mans substance substance and go scot-free... you will perish in these same halls and it is I who will go scot-free." 2. 136-144
"And so he spoke, and aimed the keen arrow at Antonius." 22.7.
"Cyclops, if anyone among mortal men should ask who put out your eye in this ugly fashion, say that the one who blinded you was Odysseus the city-stacker, son of Laertes and dweller in Ithaca" 4.500-503
"So they sang with their lovely voices, and my heart was eager to listen still... Eurylochus and Perimedes quickly stood up and bound me with yet more ropes and with firmer hold. 12.187-191
"So he taunted the beggar; and as he passed him- such was his folly- he kicked him on the hip... Odysseus remained there firm enough; only to he wondered whether to leap upon the fellow and dash the life out of him... Nevertheless he mastered himself and checked the impulse. 17.228-234.
"And with these words he seized the stool and hurled it at Odysseus...He stood there still, firm as a rock; he only shook his head and brooded evil in his heart."17.460-464
"Eurymachus spoke first to the rest, mocking Odysseus and rousing laughter among his friends" 18.341-342.
The Bag Of Winds
(The beginning of the slaughter of the Suitors, in Homer's world a justifiable homicide because of their abuse of
sensual intimacy and awakening o all senses
Like Water for Chocolate
Nine and a Half Weeks"
Mickey Rourke woos Kim Bassinger using her taste-buds only, teasing her with everything he can find in the refrigerator, from sugar-sweet maraschino cherries to tongue-scorching jalapeños. But the honey he puts on her outstretched tongue is the icing on the sexual chocolate cake, and turns their sexy game into a real deal romp on the kitchen floor.
Toast:The Story of a Boy's Hunger by Nigel Slater (b. UK, 1958)
An autobiography of a British middle class boy living with dull cooking at home and chic menus in his head
Toast's most convincing argument for the sex appeal of appetizers comes during a scene that takes the idea of "food porn" to a new, smuttier level, and shows Nigel getting naughty under the sheets, with only a cookbook and a flashlight, loudly moaning.
The gangser-mistress scenes from TAMPOPO, 1980
Memorable 1963 film, "Tom Jones" directed by
Tony Richardson Based on novel by Henry Fielding was thwe opening event fof an eaarlyh interst ijn eatin as a sort of foreplay, though
But Toast's most convinving argument for the sex appeal of appetitzers comes during a scene that takes the idea of "food porn" to a new, smuttier level, and shows Nigel getting naughty under the sheets, with only a cookbook and a flashlight, loudly moaning.
Lonnie Lynch - 2010 - Cooking
Food has long been associated with the art of seduction and romance. Eating is the ultimate metaphor for lovemaking. "Like Water for Chocolate Tom Jones 9-'A
This paring of food and pornography becomes more interesting with the rise of the term, kitchen porn, a way of hawking expensive kitchen designs and kitchen implements. Everything from made-to-order stainless steel oven hoods to artist-created ceramic mixing bowls and professionally custom-designed wall paper.
Should one feel the need for a good example of porn, scan this passage:
Culinary sensuality [suggest 2004 Nov 14,
Sheryl Van der Leun, “Indecent Exposure; When Did Cookware and Fly-Fishing Go X-Rated?”, The Washington Post, Washington, D.C., page B.05:
So there I was, perusing the Perfex salt grinders at my local Williams-Sonoma store, when I overheard an excited thirty-something shopper exclaim breathlessly as she walked by the $1,999 Jura-Capresso Impressa S8 Super Automatic Espresso Coffeemaker, "Oh, this is pure kitchen-porn. Get me out of here."
All around us, innocent phrases are being corrupted by wanton use of the porn suffix [sic]. Hitherto untainted language is being flagrantly violated, willfully transformed into lusty euphemisms, lending these words an attribution they neither requested nor deserve. It seems some of us cannot express ourselves -- or at least our passions -- without resorting to porn.
To be a bit more specific:
Veblen called it "conspicuous consumption," but we might embellish that with:
Acquiring real or imagined personal control] engendered by exclusive, high-priced culinary materials and home kitchen design, that conveys a sense of control and affective experiences in ultra-realistic and highly-charged cooking environments. The practice is pursued in much the same manner as arousing pornographic films [and other sexually explicit visual aids]. In addition to its use as a retail kitchen design medium, the term "kitchen porn" has recently been tagged by the adult porn community that produces films about actors having sex in a kitchen situation.